Dr Dulcy Rakumakoe
4 minute read
6 Jan 2020
10:06 am

Everything you need to know about Emphysema

Dr Dulcy Rakumakoe

Emphysema is a lung condition where the air sacs in your lungs are damaged, leading to shortness of breath.

Picture: iStock

The damage happens to the inner walls of the air sacs, causing them to weaken and rupture, creating larger air spaces instead of many small ones. This reduces the surface area of the lungs and, in turn, the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream. Many people who have emphysema also have chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is inflammation of the tubes that carry air to your lungs (bronchial tubes), which leads to a persistent cough. Smoking is the leading cause of emphysema. hen it worsens, emphysema eventually causes shortness of breath even while you’re at rest. If you have had...