Carried out by Brigham Young University health science researchers, the group set out to identify what it is about health apps that influences users’ behavior.
The research looked at 600 people across three studies, which looked at diet, physical activity or mental health apps.
Participants had all used an app in the past six months and were surveyed on the likeability of the apps, their engagement, and any behavior changes.
The team were unsurprised to find that the diet and fitness apps had a positive effect on users, with more than 90% reporting an increase in their desire and motivation to eat healthy and be physically active.
However, they did not expect to find that 90% of those that used a mental and emotional health app also reported a positive change in their behavior, including increased and improved motivation, confidence, intention and attitudes about being mentally and emotionally healthy.
Although using an app to tackle mental and emotional health problems are not a traditional treatment, the findings suggest that they could be a worthwhile and effective tool. Previous research has shown that people struggling with mental and emotional health problems can feel like they lack control, and taking action with an app could help this, although some problems need to be addressed by a medical health professional.
“This is great news for people looking for inexpensive, easily accessible resources to help combat mental and emotional health illness and challenges,” commented Ben Crookston, associate professor of health science at BYU.
Co-author Josh West added: “These apps are engaging and if we can get people to use them more often, the potential certainly exists to help people change their behavior.”
The team now hopes to continue their research in this area by looking into what kinds of apps are most effective at improving mental and emotional wellness.
A better understanding of how apps work to positively change behavior can not only help on an individual level, but can also help health providers provide better treatment.