The Independent Police Investigative Directorate (Ipid) has revealed that deaths while in police detention and allegations of assault and torture are continuing in South Africa and are not limited to the dark days of apartheid.
Ipid statistics showed that a shocking 216 people died in police custody in 2015/16, of which 66 were reported as deaths by suicide in the form of hangings. In the same year, Ipid received 3 466 complaints of assault and 144 of torture.
Advocate Howard Varney, acting for the family of anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Timol, yesterday handed in Ipid statistics as evidence in the reopened inquest into Timol’s death.
Timol died in October 1971 after plunging from a 10th-storey window at John Vorster Square in Johannesburg, which was then the security police’s headquarters.
Evidence presented at the reopened inquest pointed to him being severely tortured before he plunged to his death.
Ipid is tasked with investigating deaths as a result of police actions, as well as all complaints of torture and assaults against police officers in the execution of their duties.
The Ipid statistics revealed that of the 333 cases of deaths in custody investigated against the SAPS and municipal police services, 69% (or 229) were ready to be decided upon, as were 54% (124 of 229) of the torture cases and 72% of the assaulted cases (5 070 of 7 000).
In 2012/13, Ipid reported 4 131 cases of assault and 50 cases of torture, while the 2013/14 figures were 3 916 cases of assault and 78 cases of torture. In 2014/15, the figures were 3 711 assaults and 145 cases of torture.
According to the report, there has been a surge in torture cases in the 2015/16 year in some parts of the country.
Varney said they would submit that the latest statistics showed that the problem of assault and torture in police custody was “far from over”.
But Judge Billy Mothle, who presides in the inquest, pointed out that he had a narrow brief, which was to look at the cause of Timol’s death, and he could not look at deaths in detention overall.
“We need to focus on what brought us here,” he said. – firstname.lastname@example.org