IN PICS: Thai protesters defy monarchy with ‘People’s Plaque’

Anti-government protesters make the three-fingered Hunger Games salute at a pro-democracy rally at the 14 October 1973 Memorial in Bangkok on September 20, 2020. (Photo by Jack TAYLOR / AFP)

Demonstrators spent Saturday rallying in Bangkok’s historic Sanam Luang field next to the Grand Palace, where organisers took a stronger line on reform, calling for the royal family to stay out of the kingdom’s politics.

Thousands of protesters cheered as activists installed a plaque in Bangkok Sunday declaring that Thailand “belongs to the people” — the boldest show of defiance in a youth-led movement which is questioning the unassailable monarchy’s role in the country.

Thai pro-democracy protesters installed a plaque in Bangkok’s historic Sanam Luang field, next to the Grand Palace Photo: AFP / Vivek Prakash

Thailand has seen near-daily protests for the past two months led by student activists calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha, a former army chief who masterminded the 2014 coup.

Demonstrators spent Saturday rallying in Bangkok’s historic Sanam Luang field next to the Grand Palace, where organisers took a stronger line on reform, calling for the royal family to stay out of the kingdom’s politics.

The movement is pushing frank questioning of the royal family’s role in the kingdom into the public Photo: AFP / Vivek Prakash

Authorities said the demonstration drew 18,000, though AFP reporters on the ground estimated a 30,000-strong crowd at its peak — making it the largest such gathering Thailand has seen since the 2014 coup.

On Sunday at dawn, student activists installed a commemorative “People’s Plaque” in Sanam Luang field.

“Down with feudalism, long live the people,” shouted protest organiser Parit Chiwarak to the cheering crowd.

Thai protesters calling for the royal family to stay out of the kingdom’s politics rally next to Bangkok’s Grand Palace on September 19, 2020 Photo: AFP / Mladen ANTONOV

The new plaque states the date Sept 20, 2020, followed by the proclamation: “The people have expressed the intention that this country belongs to the people, and not the king.”

The movement is pushing frank questioning of the royal family’s role into the public — once a taboo topic due to Thailand’s draconian royal defamation laws.

The plaque references the original brass one embedded for decades in the ground of Bangkok’s Royal Plaza, which commemorated the end of royal absolutism in 1932.

But it mysteriously disappeared in 2017 — after King Maha Vajiralongkorn took power following the death of his father — replaced with one bearing a reminder for Thais to remain loyal to the “nation, religion, king”.

Activists say the missing plaque is emblematic of a wider whitewashing of Thai political history.

People take photos with a commemorative plaque placed by pro-democracy protest leaders on the Sanam Luang pitch in Bangkok on September 20, 2020, after an overnight anti-government demonstration. (Photo by Jack TAYLOR / AFP)

Palace officials did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Organisers had initially planned to march to Government House, but a last-minute change of plans saw protesters move to the Privy Council’s office — opposite the Grand Palace — to submit a list of demands addressed to the king.

The highly influential board of royal advisors wields significant influence in Thailand.

Dozens of officers stood guard, alongside water cannon trucks in front of the palace.

– ‘People have woken up’ –

The largely leaderless youth-organised movement, partly inspired by Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protests, is calling for Prayut’s government to be dissolved, a rewrite of the 2017 military-scripted constitution, and for authorities to stop “harassing” political opponents.

Student Union of Thailand spokesperson Panusaya “Rung” Sithijirawattanakul (L) gestures in front of a police line with other anti-government protesters as they take part in a pro-democracy rally in Bangkok on September 20, 2020. – (Photo by Mladen ANTONOV / AFP)

Some factions within the movement have also called for greater accounting of the palace’s finances, the abolition of royal defamation laws and a call for the king to remain outside of politics.

King Maha Vajiralongkorn sits at the apex of Thai power, bolstered by a powerful military and conservative establishment.

He spends long periods in Europe, his absence from Thailand raising ire on social media in recent months as the economy tumbled because of the pandemic.

A drinks vendor pushes his car past a police line as anti-government protesters take part in a pro-democracy rally in Bangkok on September 20, 2020. (Photo by Mladen ANTONOV / AFP)

The new Sanam Luang plaque will be regarded “as an immediate challenge”, said analyst Paul Chambers, warning that the growing acrimony could lead to “state violence against protesters”.

Prayut has said Thailand would be “engulfed in flames” if the students push too hard, though he vowed “softer measures” against the weekend’s protesters.

A masked figure, stained with fake blood, is left hanging from a tree in Bangkok on September 20, 2020, following an overnight pro-democracy rally in Sanam Luang. (Photo by Jack TAYLOR / AFP)

Since 1932, the military has staged more than a dozen coups following bouts of violent protests — which arch-royalist generals have claimed in the past was necessary to defend the king.

The recent wave of demonstrations has so far been peaceful.

Thousands of protesters took part in the weekend demonstration in Bangkok Photo: AFP / Mladen ANTONOV

But authorities have arrested more than two dozen activists, charging them with sedition before releasing them on bail.

Protesters have called for another rally Thursday outside parliament as MPs debate potential constitutional changes.

But opposition MP Rangsiman Rome was not sure if reforms of the monarchy would be on the table.

“MPs are afraid… They’re worried they might get some problems.”

A general strike has also been called for October 14.

“People have woken up,” student Napassorn Saengduean, 20, triumphantly told AFP as Sunday’s rally dispersed.

“I will keep coming back until I die.”

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