The 1937 “Femme au Beret et a la Robe Quadrillee (Marie-Therese Walter)” beat expectations it would sell for £36 million (41 million euros, $50 million) at the sale of impressionist, surrealist and modern art at auction house Sotheby’s.
It was the first time the oil on canvas had emerged on the international art market and headlined the auctioneer’s first major sale of the year, it said.
The identity of the seller, and its new owner, were not released.
“It’s an incredibly important museum quality picture,” James Mackie, director of the impressionist and modern art department at Sotheby’s, told AFP last week.
“It comes from a key era in Picasso’s career, 1937, when he makes the great painting ‘Guernica’,” he added, referring to the masterpiece which portrayed the horrors of the Nazi bombardment of a Basque city during the Spanish civil war.
The painting also has a strong autobiographical appeal, according to Mackie.
The main subject, Marie-Therese Walter, was the Spanish painter’s “long time lover and muse”.
But the looming figure of Dora Maar, whom he met in 1936, emerges in the shadows behind Marie-Therese, explained Mackie.
Several masterpieces have reached astronomical prices at recent auctions, fuelled by the opening of major museums in the Gulf and the purchasing power of collectors from emerging countries.
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman acquired Leonardo da Vinci work “Salvator Mundi” for $450 million in November 2017.
“The market for masterpieces is at an unprecedented levels, and this picture certainly sits very much in that masterpiece category,” said Mackie.
Three other Picasso works went under the hammer, including “Le Matador”, which sold for £16.5 million (18.6 million euros, $22.7 million).
Sotheby’s also sold three rediscovered Salvador Dali paintings, including “Maison pour Erotomane” (circa 1932), which went for £3.5 million after a five-way bidding battle, it said.
“Gradiva” (1931), depicting the mythological figure who became central to surrealist thought, fetched £2.7 million (3 million euros, $3.7 million).
Both small oil works were in a private collection in Argentina, having been bought directly from the artist in the 1930s by his friend, Argentinean countess Cuevas de Vera.
“They are a rediscovery, which is incredibly exciting,” Mackie said of the works.
Sotheby’s said the 36 lots sold Wednesday, which also included a 1912 Umberto Boccioni painting, totaled an above-expected £136 million (155 million euros, $189 million).