The group, aged between 20 and 40, was caught in a crime operation after violence in the area at the weekend, said Brigadier Neville Malila.
“A substantial amount of drugs, in the form of dagga and nyaope, were confiscated during the operation,” he said.
The 17 would appear in the Khutsong Magistrate’s Court on Wednesday.
Six people accused of gangsterism were burnt to death in the township at the weekend. No arrests have been made and police were still investigating.
The deaths came after about 400 men, believed to be Khutsong residents, held a meeting to discuss gangsterism on Sunday.
Malila said the situation in the area was under control just before 6pm.
“No violent activities were reported during the last 36 hours. Police are still maintaining a high visibility in the area,” he said.
He urged community members with any information that might help in the investigation to contact the police.