Columns 19.1.2016 06:00 am

Prejudice and history

Thai actress Cris Horwang appears in the now banned, Snowz advert

Thai actress Cris Horwang appears in the now banned, Snowz advert

“If I was white, I would win,” Horwang says to herself.

Last week, a Thai cosmetics company called Seoul Secret launched a new beauty product, Snowz, and got locally famous Thai actress Cris Horwang to appear in the promotional video.

She starts out white and explains: “In my world there is tough competition. If I don’t take care of myself, everything I have built, the whiteness I have invested in, could be gone.”

Then her skin gradually darkens until she resembles one of those “blackface” comedians in early 20th-century America. She looks down at herself in dismay, then at another Thai beauty, very white indeed, who magically appears beside her.

“If I was white, I would win,” Horwang says to herself. But salvation is at hand: her young rival generously points to a package of Snowz that magically appears between them.

Cris brightens up, and so does her skin. The ad ends with her smiling again and saying: “Eternally white, I’m confident.”

After an eruption of protests the ad was withdrawn with “heartfelt apologies” from Seoul Secret. But they didn’t withdraw the product. Asian women spend $13 billion a year on skin-whitening products.

Africa is even more extreme, with 35% of SA women using skin-whitening creams. Several hundred million women are using these products regularly, despite a range of possible side-effects, from skin turning a dark purple shade, to leukaemia, diabetes and cancer.

But why? What’s wrong with dark skin? Nothing, obviously. Originally, several million years ago, all our ancestors were “white”, but they weren’t actually human yet.

They had pale skin, like most animals with fur, because the fur blocked most of the incoming sunlight, and pale skin is six times more efficient in turning the ultraviolet light (UV) from the sun into the vitamin D that they all need.

When modern humans evolved, they lost their fur and since they evolved in equatorial Africa, where there is an abundance of sunlight, their bare skin was actually getting too much UV. So early humans developed dark skin to cut down on their UV intake and early humans were all “black”.

Then, some of them migrated out of Africa and colonised the rest of the planet, including the parts in the high latitudes where there is much less UV in the sunlight. The ones who ended up in northern Eurasia went back to having pale skin in order to make better use of the limited UV.

And that’s the end of the story: we ended up with the skin colour that suited where we lived. So why the prejudice against dark skin? It’s all about history, light-skinned people from the north have been conquering dark-skinned people further south for thousands of years.

The reasons had nothing to do with skin colour. Nevertheless, dark-skinned people have been the historical losers for thousands of years and people tend to blame themselves for losing.

Add in a few details like the European and Arab slave trade in Africa and the fact that people who work outdoors, and therefore have skin darkened by the sun, tend to be in the lower social classes, and you have an explanation for the internalised prejudice against dark skin.

But this prejudice really is on the way out at last. The most important thing about that awful advertisement is not the fact that it was made. It’s the fact that the outcry in Thailand forced it off the air.

 

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