National 2.9.2016 09:05 am

Murder rate up by 4.9%

Announcement of the annual crime statistics for the period between April 1‚ 2015 and March 31‚ 2016.

Police Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko and Acting National Police Commissioner Lieutenant-General Khomotso Phahlane are announcing the annual crime statistics for the period between April 1‚ 2015 and March 31‚ 2016.

Minister Nhleko says 26.9% of the people arrested for murder are repeat offenders according to the Saps’ national murder study.

He says his pleased police have made inroads with regards to sexual offences “for us it is looking good that it’s on the decrease.”

He says when murder rates increase; attempted murders also go on the increase. Without divulging any details, he said police have a plan to deal with this and it will be announced.

Phahlane says the Saps leadership has been stabilised in the country’s provinces, with provincial commissioners and their deputies in place. Part of the polices’ back-to-basics approach is to take more resources to the stations.

He says car thefts are on a downward trend and car hijacking on the increase; this according to him could be attributed to the modern safety features on cars that make it difficult for criminals to break into vehicles.

General Phahlane says illegal shebeens and alcohol are a major contributor to the rate of murder. “It is an area that enjoys attention, when we look at the root causes of crimes in a number of areas. You will not find this in murders only but also in issues of rape and those crimes where a person is under attack.”

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Earlier stats mentioned:

Nhleko walks MPs through the briefing and what to expect during the presentation.

Commissioner  Phahlane says more needs to be done to fight crime in South Africa and society has a role to play in crime prevention.

Phahlane said police are experiencing a downward trend and their efforts are making a dent on criminal activities.

Statistics SA welcomes cooperation with the Saps and has been working with police on improving the quality of crime stats, the agency has been working with police on improving the quality of the crime stats.

BREAKING: Crime stats to be released on quarterly and annual basis from now on.

TYPES OF CRIMES:

contact crimes (crimes against the  person).

contact-related crimes.

crime detected as a result of police action.property-related crimes.

other serious crimes.

subcategories of aggravated robbery.

 

Progress have been made in the 17 community reported crimes.

On the increase are contact crimes, illegal possesion of firearms or ammonition , drug related, drunk driving and sexual offenses crimes.

Police say they will develop policy to audit the crimes stats independently as advised.

1.7 million charges in 2015/16 for reported crimes (83%).

65.9% of community reported crimes are contact related or property related.

Community reported crimes decreased by more than 9% since 2006.

355 000 charges for police detected crimes.

Contact crimes (Murder, sexual offences, attempted murder, assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm, common assault, etc.)

increased by 1% in current financial year, over 10 years 14% decrease.

Common assault up 2% in current year.

Murder up 4.9% this year.

Sexual offences decreasing sharply since 2013/14, down 3.2% in past year.

Attempted murder up 3.4% compared to previous year.

Assault GBH [grievous bodily harm] up 0.2% over previous year.

The three crimes of carjacking, residential robbery, non-residential robbery up 0.3%.

Common robbery down 1.5%.

The rate of increase for robbery with aggravating circumstances is said to be slowing.

Docket analysis shows for murder, for example, multiple murders in one scenario can be found in a single case of domestic violence.

95% of contact crime happen in shebeens or bars.

Contact like Murder, sexual offences, and assault mostly between people known to each other, sometimes involves abuse of alcohol.

Robbery with aggravating circumstances up 2.7%.

Arson down 4.4%.

Contact related crimes down 0.6%.

Bank robberies down 64.7%.

Cash in transit robberies up 15.1%.

Truck hijacking turned around – decrease of 7.4%.

Robbery

Robbery at non-residential up 2.8%.

Robbery at residential up 19.3% in Western Cape province.

Robbery at residential up 2.7%.

Carjacking up 14.3%.

Police say the deployment of officers to deal with protests diverts police from theircore business, with more provinces affected.

“More and more protests becoming rowdy” with peaceful protests on decrease, police say.

Sexual offences up 8%.

Driving under o falcohol  influence up 11.1%.

Shoplifting down 3.6%.

Commercial crime up 3.1% (example: fraud)with an increase in internet banking victims.

Other serious crime (examples: all theft not mentioned elsewhere, shoplifting, and commercial crime) down 4.1%.

Burglary at residential down 1.2%.

Stock theft down 1%.

Theft of motor vehicles is down 2.3%, police say this is normal when carjacking increases.

Burglary at non-residential up 0.9%.

Property related crimes down 1.8%.

Malicious damage to property down 0.6%.

Limpopo province is the only province to record increase in arson, police mention the unrest in Vhuwani.

Acting National Commissioner Khomotso Phahlane – appointed in October – restructured the top echelons of the service and introduced the back-to-basics programme.

Working with communities through partnerships, police say their strategy is targeted at establishing community pacts, focus on command and control, crime awareness, police visibility and intelligence based operation.

The Saps say they’re focussing on internal functioning, crime prevention and investigations to decrease levels of crime in the country as part of their back-to-basics approach to effectively.

3 542 protests recorded.

MPs take a break for six minutes and will continue with their Q&A session with the police delegation led by Police Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko.

FF+ member of Parliament Johannes Groenewald commends police on the transparent release of crime stats.

MP Shaik-Emam of the National Freedom Party (NFP) wants to know about the closure of shebeens and the measures police are taking to control the amount of liquor sold to citizens.

Now – questions from MPs of the committee.

“In all areas where we deploy conventional means we’re seeing progress”, Nhleko says, noting that contact crime remains a pressing problem.

Minister Nhleko says even in areas where police did not record decreases crime stats, they are seeing a decreasing trend.

Lieutenant-General Phahlale: Men and women in blue went an extra mile and we will not be distracted.

Commissioner Phahlale addresses “arm-chair” critics of the service, who’ve said South Africa needs more social workers than police.

Saps to also focus on the demilitarisation of service.

Police they’ve intervened in 63 high crime and low detectives police stations in their efforts.

Crime investigations to emphasise: crime scene management, docket analysis, tracing suspects and forensic leads.

He said the major contributing factor to car hijacking is in the Northern Cape where vehicles belonging to cigarette manufacturer British American Tobacco (BAT) are getting targeted “it’s almost exclusively car hijacking in the Northern Cape is about BAT because the target is the cargo they carry.”

Minister Nhleko says the rate of murder has been contributed to by multiple murders in the taxi industry over battles over routes and the nature of the industry.

Minister Nhleko says the Saps brass recently appeared before the NCOP with a report that shows they are making serious progress on the functioning of the detectives unit because of the new interventions introduced.

Michael Mpofu of the Democratic Alliance (DA) says he is reluctant to “hammer” General Phahlane because the stats released today were recorded not during his time as acting commissioner. He asked how will police improve their intelligence gathering to fight crime syndicates.

Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) MP Phillip Mhlongo asked the police leadership about taxi violence and the regulation of the industry, including possible agreements with the industry to control killings. He said he personally lost someone who was killed in cold blood.

The police portfolio committee is now back in session.

On the combating of drugs, he said they are establishing the capacity to the elite priority crime unit the Hawks and the unit can’t be found at each and every police station. Detectives have had to take over the role of fighting drug lords at a station level including operations eradicating gangs and the proliferation of unlicensed firearms.

General Phahlane says the police can’t work in isolation from other state departments. He said they work with departments like social development as part of the ongoing work of government.

He says institutions shouldn’t be looked at as individuals but for what they are: “it will serve our democracy well…if we don’t that we will be killing those particular institutions.”

Nhleko says police men and women are professionals who are trained in accordance with their functions, and this does not depend on whether there is a national commissioner being present: “I don’t why you might want to tie the acting national commissioner to the current figures…and I think that’s a wrong move and it shouldn’t be done.”

Nhleko says CPF’s [Community Policing Forums] need to be looked at to make them more functional not just from a “conceptual view” and build their capacity, which will require resources.

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